Written answers

Thursday, 25 March 2021

Department of Education and Skills

Research and Development

Rose Conway-Walsh (Mayo, Sinn Fein)
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139. To ask the Minister for Education and Skills if he will provide the public and private investment in research and development as a numerical value, a share of GDP, a share of GNI and a share of GNI* in each year since 2006, in tabular form; and if he will make a statement on the matter. [16149/21]

Photo of Simon HarrisSimon Harris (Wicklow, Fine Gael)
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Gross Expenditure on R&D (GERD) expressed as a percentage of GDP/GNP/GNI* stood at an estimated 1.13%, 1.47% and 1.88% respectively in 2019.

The OECD defines GERD as the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D carried out by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc., in a country. It includes R&D funded from abroad but excludes domestic funds for R&D performed outside the domestic economy.

As a percentage of GDP/GNP/GNI*, GERD has fallen since 2012. However, the actual amount of R&D investment has increased by 46.2% over this period and reached an estimated €4.027bn in 2019.

The table below shows the GERD and as a percentage of GDP, GNP and GNI* for the years 2006-2018, with an estimate for 2019. Figures for 2020 are not yet available.

GERD as % GDP GERD as % GNP GERD as % GNI* GERD

€m.
2006 1.20% 1.38% 1.40% 2,214
2007 1.23% 1.44% 1.47% 2,432
2008 1.39% 1.62% 1.66% 2,606
2009 1.61% 1.94% 2.03% 2,736
2010 1.59% 1.92% 2.07% 2,669
2011 1.50% 1.87% 2.02% 2,564
2012 1.57% 1.99% 2.18% 2,758
2013 1.58% 1.89% 2.08% 2,849
2014 1.52% 1.81% 2.00% 2,967
2015 1.18% 1.55% 1.93% 3,109
2016 1.25% 1.54% 1.94% 3,414
2017 1.25% 1.58% 2.02% 3,725
2018 1.18% 1.50% 1.93% 3,812
2019 (est) 1.13% 1.47% 1.88% 4,027

Further details on the Government’s public expenditure on research and development are published each year in the R&D Budget Survey. This publication is compiled from a comprehensive survey of thirty Government Departments and Agencies. The most recent report was published by DETE in January 2021 and is available here:

.

Following a Government decision to transfer certain research and innovation functions, the R&D Budget Survey will be undertaken by my Department from 2021 onwards.

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