Tuesday, 17 September 2019
Department of Communications, Climate Action and Environment
553. To ask the Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment when he will carry out a strategic environment assessment of the EU Projects of Common Interest list, including proposed LNG terminals which will be importing fracked gas from the United States of America; and if he will make a statement on the matter. [37587/19]
554. To ask the Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment if he has requested the opinion of the strategic environment assessment section of the Environmental Protection Agency to determine if an assessment is required for projects on the EU PCI list. [37588/19]
555. To ask the Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment his policy in relation to imported fracked gas or the fracking of gas in Northern Ireland; if his attention has been drawn to recent research by a person (details supplied) which showed that fracking in the United States of America is responsible for at least 50% of worldwide methane emissions increases; and if he will make a statement on the matter. [37589/19]
556. To ask the Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment the reason the inclusion of fracked gas in the energy mix here is supported in view of IPCC reports that the energy system here should be decarbonised and fossil fuel reserves kept in the ground; and if he will make a statement on the matter. [37590/19]
I propose to take Questions Nos. 553 to 556, inclusive, together.
Successive Governments have underlined the commitment to move from a fossil fuel-based electricity system to a low-carbon power system. Almost two thirds of renewable energy used in Ireland comes from renewable electricity.
The Government has published and started implementing the Climate Action Plan, which sets out the actions which must be taken in order for Ireland to meet its climate targets.
The Climate Action Plan includes a 70% target of our electricity coming from renewable sources. The majority of this target will be delivered by an increase in on-shore and off-shore wind, as well as solar. However, when Ireland meets its renewable electricity target for 2030, having fully removed coal and peat from electricity generation, there will still be a requirement for back-up when the level of wind needed or the level of sunshine is not available.
For example, in a recent 30 day period, 25% of Ireland’s electricity was provided by wind generation. However, over this same period, one day had only 4% of our electricty provided by wind and on another day it provided 62% of our electricty. To ensure that power is still available on a day or a week where there is very little wind, it will be necessary to consider the appropriate fuel mix in reaching 70% renewable electricity.
In all projected transitions to a low carbon economy by 2050, gas will continue to play a role in sustaining the transition. It plays an important role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the power generation, industrial and commercial, residential and transport sectors by replacing more CO2-intensive fossil fuels.
Furthermore, gas-fired electricity generation is well placed to address the intermittency of wind and solar supplies and provide back-up flexibility and reliability for our electricity supply. While batteries, greater interconnection and demand side response will play a role, gas fired power stations will provide flexible and reliable electricity, particularly when weather powered, intermittent sources of energy can be very low for prolonged periods of time, possibly lasting weeks at a time.
In relation to LNG projects, commercial developers have proposed a number of projects, including the Shannon LNG project and another project in Cork. Final investment decisions for these projects and compliance with any legal and regulatory requirements in relation to consents or permits are the responsibility of the project promoters.
The production, sourcing, buying and selling of natural gas produced outside this jurisdiction would also be an operational matter for the undertakings involved. Any undertaking would be required to comply with EU law in this area. In relation to fracked gas in Ireland, the Petroleum and Other Minerals Development (Prohibition of Onshore Hydraulic Fracturing) Act 2017 provides for the prohibition of exploration for and extraction of onshore petroleum by means of hydraulic fracturing.
All Projects of Common Interest must fulfil the conditions on environmental assessment procedures provided for in both national and European law. EU Regulation 347/2013, which provides for the designation of a project of common interest, does not override the requirement to comply with environmental law. Any legal and regulatory requirements of the permit granting process, including environmental assessment, are the responsibility of the individual project promoters. Decisions on consents for the construction of an LNG plant would be a matter for the relevant consenting authorities, including the Environmental Protection Agency, where appropriate.
My Department will undertake an evaluation of security of energy supply taking into account our transition to a zero carbon world so we can make decisions based on evidence. This review will include a full consideration of international evidence.