Seanad debates

Wednesday, 26 February 2014

Adjournment Matters

Fish Farming

3:25 pm

Photo of Trevor Ó ClochartaighTrevor Ó Clochartaigh (Sinn Fein) | Oireachtas source

Cuirim céad fáilte roimh an Aire Stáit. Táim an-bhuíoch dó as teacht isteach. I am grateful that the Minister of State has come into the House to take this Adjournment matter. I had actually tabled the Adjournment question before reading this morning's edition of the Irish Examiner which had a banner headline stating, "Full-scale war over Galway fish farm". It refers to the issue of the proposed farm off the island of Inis Oírr in Galway Bay, which would be a mega-fish farm. The proposal is being advanced by Bord Iascaigh Mhara, BIM, to build what would be the biggest ever fish farm, perhaps in the world but certainly in Europe, and it has met with much disquiet from different sectors, ranging from those who are involved in the fishing industry, through local people with concerns regarding the impact on tourism, to those involved in ecology and so on. Obviously, there are concerns regarding the viability and sustainability of such a project, as well as in respect of the science underlying the project and from where that has come.

The full-scale war over the Galway fish farm to which the Irish Examiner alluded pertains to an ongoing interdepartmental debate in which one is told a full-scale war is under way between the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine and Inland Fisheries Ireland, which is likely to determine the fate of this proposed fish farm. It is reported the European Commission is investigating the reason it did not receive a scientific report from the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine that showed the amount of sea lice likely to come from such a farm could devastate much of the country's wild salmon and trout. This report was drawn up by Inland Fisheries Ireland, which is responsible for protecting and developing inland fisheries and sea angling, as well as protecting wild salmon under the European Union's habitats directive. What the Department did instead was to send a different study from another State agency, namely, the Marine Institute, which stated the danger would be small, at approximately 1%, compared with the 39% suggested by the report from Inland Fisheries Ireland.

The Irish Examiner also reported that the Ombudsman is investigating this issue and was told by the Department that the Inland Fisheries Ireland report had many inaccuracies and fundamental errors and, had it been sent to the Commission, would have had a disastrous result for Ireland's reputation. A number of questions arise from this report. First, two State agencies are completely at odds with each other's findings on scientific issues on which one would imagine they could find common ground. One must be wrong and the other right and if this is the case and one is completely wrong, is there a question mark hanging over the competence of the agencies that have drawn up the scientific reports?

I note that the Marine Institute report also has been questioned by four independent scientists when published in the Journal of Fish Diseases and as a result, Ireland has a huge issue on the European stage in this regard. In addition, I note a meeting took place recently between the Taoiseach, the Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine and a man named Alf-Helge Aarskog, who runs the company Marine Harvest. Many players in the industry would imagine that Marine Harvest is one of the prime suspects that might run the BIM-sponsored project. While the licence proposal for the project is being developed by BIM, the intention is to license this mega-fish farm to a company to operate it. There are probably only a small number of players globally who have the capacity to run such a project and one certainly would imagine that Marine Harvest would be in the running in this respect. The aforementioned company already has a track record in Ireland of running quite a number of fish farms.

My issue in this regard is there is an ongoing process seeking to have the licence either granted or not granted in respect of the fish farm off Inis Oirr in Galway Bay. The project is being proposed by BIM, which falls under the remit of the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine. Other Members of the Houses have questioned whether the Minister, who will sanction or not sanction a licence, should be in the position whereby he essentially is the proposer, on foot of being in charge of BIM, as well as being the adjudicator on the application at the same time. While this certainly is an issue, during such a process one would imagine the Minister would refrain from meeting any of the key players in the process. He certainly has refrained from meeting some of the detractors who are opposed to the project. However, it appears quite strange that he and the Taoiseach could have a meeting with the head of Marine Harvest, who potentially could be the licenceholder in this case. I question the efficacy of that meeting because, as the report that appeared in Irish Examiner stated, "Aarskog, chief executive of Norwegian fish-farming giant Marine Harvest, jetted in especially for the Government face-time and is optimistic that it will bear fruit in the form of some new licences for Irish salmon farms". Consequently, there is a question of interest in this regard and I hope the Minister of State will be able to clarify this point.

In addition, there appears to be opposition from many fronts. It appears to me there will be a major spat over this project and that people who are opposed to the fish farm, for all their different reasons, will fight this tooth and nail and it will end up before the European courts. Therefore, we will have a major case on our hands in Europe and the State will end up fighting that case as far as the European Union courts, much money will be wasted and the people's concerns are quite genuine in many cases. I am not completely opposed to the development of aquaculture but there are ways and means of doing this that are sustainable and which will create jobs. While one certainly must consider the possibilities for the industry, the general consensus being reached around Galway Bay in particular is to the effect that this is the wrong project in the wrong place. It is thought it will not work and will not have the full support of the local community and that at this point, the Minister should kick to touch and blow the project out of the water. I look forward to the Minister of State's response.


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